Senior Bridget Meade looks to harness the power of the written word, fighting poverty with the power of fairytales and nursery rhymes. Meade is hosting a book drive at Saint Mary’s to create a preschool library at the South Bend Center for the Homeless. “Reading can be both enjoyable and powerful. Education is such a great way to fight poverty, and reading is one of the best ways to educate children,” she said. Meade is the founder of Mommy and Me, a literacy class at the Center. The program encourages and teaches parents to read to their children. The library will be made available to both the students in her class and other guests at the Center, she said. Meade said she was inspired to create this class because of her own love of reading. “Reading was such a huge part of my childhood that I thought it was a tragedy that some kids aren’t being read to,” she said. Reading is a beneficial activity for both children and parents living in poverty, Meade said. The Mommy and Me class will help parents learn to enjoy reading to their children. “Many parents in poverty were not read to as children, which makes it uncomfortable for them to read to their own children,” she said. The Mommy and Me class teaches parents reading to infants and toddlers is a powerful activity, benefitting a child’s cognitive development and overall life trajectory, Meade said. Some parents living at the Center are illiterate and too uncomfortable to read to their children, she said. The preschool library will provide illiterate parents picture books. Those parents can still read and interact with their children by creating stories based off the illustrations, she said, something crucial to their maturation. “Reading to preschoolers is about helping them interact and hear words that will help with their cognitive development,” Meade said. Meade said preschoolers enjoy classic fairy tales and nursery rhymes the most. “The best books to donate are the old school classics,” she said. Books will be accepted at a drop box in LeMans Hall through the end of the year, or contact Bridget Meade with questions about the book drive at email@example.com. Contact Cailin Crowe at firstname.lastname@example.org
Volkswagen AG said a scandal over falsified US vehicle emission tests could affect 11 million of its cars worldwide as investigations of its diesel models multiplied, heaping fresh pressure on CEO Martin Winterkorn.Volkswagen has brought forward a meeting of senior supervisory board members to Tuesday evening from Wednesday, with Winterkorn’s future on the line, a German newspaper reported, citing board sources.The report, in the Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung followed an earlier story in the Tagesspiegel newspaper saying the board would replace 68-year-old Winterkorn with Matthias Mueller, the head of the automaker’s Porsche sports car business.A Volkswagen spokesman denied the Tagesspiegel report. Winterkorn did not mention his future in a video message posted on the company’s website in which he repeated his apology for the scandal.But a key Winterkorn ally withheld public support for the chief executive.”I don’t want to preempt the upcoming intense deliberations and will not comment on details or any consequences,” Stephan Weil, head of the German state of Lower Saxony, told reporters in Hanover when asked about Winterkorn’s future.Weil, a supervisory board member representing Volkswagen’s second-largest shareholder, earlier this year helped Winterkorn fend off a challenge to his leadership by long-time chairman Ferdinand Piech and earlier this month backed the CEO’s contract extension.Shares in the world’s biggest carmaker by sales plunged almost 20 percent on Monday after it admitted using software that deceived US regulators measuring toxic emissions in some of its diesel cars.The stock tumbled another 20 percent to a four-year low on Tuesday after some countries in Europe and Asia said they would launch investigations themselves. Preference shares were down 19.7 percent at 106.1 euros at 1500 GMT.advertisementAt the lowest point, the declines in the preference and ordinary shares wiped more than $30 billion off the company’s market value.Volkswagen said it would set aside 6.5 billion euros ($7.3 billion) in its third-quarter accounts to help cover the costs of the biggest scandal in its 78-year-history, blowing a hole in analysts’ profit forecasts.It also warned that amount could rise, saying diesel cars with so-called Type EA 189 engines built into about 11 million Volkswagen models worldwide had shown a “noticeable deviation” in emission levels between testing and road use.The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) said on Friday Volkswagen could face penalties of up to $18 billion for cheating emissions tests. The carmaker also faces lawsuits and damage to its reputation that could hit sales, and media reports have said the US Department of Justice has opened a criminal inquiry into the matter.In addition, New York and other state attorneys general are forming a group to probe the scandal, a spokesman for New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman said.The probe would focus on potential violations of environmental and consumer fraud laws, the spokesman said.The crisis has also sent shockwaves through Germany, with Chancellor Angela Merkel calling for “complete transparency” from a company long seen as a symbol of the country’s engineering excellence.Winterkorn was due to have his contract extended at a supervisory board meeting on Friday but is now facing questions over how the scandal came about.Volkswagen, which for several years has been airing US TV commercials lauding its “clean diesel” cars, was challenged by authorities as far back as 2014 over tests showing emissions exceeded California state and US federal limits.The company attributed the excess emissions to “various technical issues” and “unexpected” real-world conditions. It was not until the EPA and the California Air Resources Board threatened to withhold certification for its 2016 diesel models that Volkswagen in early September admitted its wrongdoing.”Winterkorn either knew of proceedings in the U.S. or it was not reported to him,” Evercore ISI analyst Arndt Ellinghorst said. “In the first instance, he must step down immediately. In the second, one needs to ask why such a far-reaching violation was not reported to the top and then things will get tough too.”Porsche’s Mueller was promoted to Volkswagen’s executive board on March 1 and was previously its head product strategist. As a management board member of family-owned Porsche SE , he is also close to the Porsche-Piech clan that has a controlling stake in Volkswagen.’Totally screwed up’Winterkorn has built Volkswagen into one of the world’s top-selling brands since he took the helm in 2007, with brands ranging from budget Seats and Skodas to premium Audis and top-end Lamborghinis.But he has also faced criticism for a centralised management style which some analysts say has hampered the company’s efforts to address long-standing underperformance in North America.Workers in Wolfsburg, where Volkswagen employs over 50,000 people, were dismayed by the damage to the company’s image. “If Winterkorn knew of the manipulation, then he must go,” said one staffer who works in human resources at the plant.advertisementLate on Monday, Volkswagen’s U.S. chief Michael Horn said the company had “totally screwed up” and promised to make amends.There have been no suggestions so far that other carmakers have engaged in the same practices as Volkswagen. Germany’s BMW and Daimler have said the accusations against Volkswagen did not apply to them.But shares in those companies as well as rivals including Peugeot, Renault and Fiat Chrysler fell on Tuesday amid signs regulators across the world will step up scrutiny of vehicle tests, which environmentalists have long criticised for exaggerating fuel-saving and emissions results.The EPA said on Monday it would widen its investigation to other automakers, and French Finance Minister Michel Sapin said on Tuesday an EU-wide inquiry was needed too.Germany’s Transport Ministry said it would send an investigative commission to study whether cars built at Volkswagen’s headquarters complied with German and European emissions guidelines. Italy asked VW to prove the cars sold in that country do not contain the “defeat devices” at the centre of the scandal, while Switzerland also said it would investigate Volkswagen’s diesel vehicle emissions tests.The European Commission said it was in contact with Volkswagen and U.S. authorities, and it was premature to say whether specific checks on the carmaker’s vehicles were needed.In Asia, South Korea’s environment ministry said it would investigate 4,000 to 5,000 of Volkswagen’s Jetta, Golf and Audi A3 vehicles produced in 2014 and 2015, and it could expand its probe to all German diesel cars if it found problems.